An agronomist studies soils and plants. Many agronomists work on increasing yields of important crops by improving the quality of soils and selectively breeding plants. Agronomists can specialize in a variety of research subjects, such as soil fertilizers, soil erosion, irrigation, plant root development, and creating plant hybrids that are more nutritious. Anyone with a college degree in agronomy or a related subject can work in the field, but to do research you will need a Master’s or Ph.D degree. Agronomy involves the business side of agriculture as well as the biological one, so coursework in economics, trade, statistics, communications, and business can be helpful. Most agronomists in the U.S. work at some level of the government, but there is plenty of agronomy work in private industry and also in foreign countries.

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